What The Stations Say

John L. Daly

 Listed here are a set of historical temperature graphs from a large selection of mostly non-urban weather stations in both hemispheres. This data originated with the NASA Goddard Institute (GISS) in the USA and the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia, Norwich, England. (The graphs have been generated from that data using the Microsoft Works spreadsheet module). With a few exceptions, large cities have been excluded because of Urban Heat Island Effect distortions to long-term dataStations with data up to 2000 or beyond are indicated in red (e.g. `Data to 2001').

 Since all the models indicate the high latitudes and polar regions should warm the most, it is clear that these regions should show strong positive signs by now of a greenhouse-induced warming. To test the model's hypotheses of enhanced high latitude warming, take particular note of those graphs from polar and sub-polar regions which should show, by now, very large overall warmings. For this reason, many such polar stations have been included.

Click on selected regions of this world map to go directly to the list of weather stations in that region.

The above map is divided into regions. Click a region to see the listing of weather stations for that region.
The record for each station can be displayed by clicking on the station name.
To return to the top of this page, press your BACK button.

Canadian Arctic

 Eureka, Baffin Island, in the Canadian Arctic, data to 1995.

 Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island, in the Canadian Arctic, Data to 1999

 Inuvik, Northwest Territory of Canada. Between 1958 and now Inuvik has gone from a
     little Inuit fishing village to a significant petroleum base, possibly affecting its record. Data to 1995

 Mould Bay, Melville Island, in the Canadian Arctic, data to 1992

Inukjuak, Coral Harbour & Fort Chimo. Northern Canada. Map & model.  Winter temperatures. Data to 2000 

Coral Harbour, Frobisher Bay, Clyde, & Hall Beach, northern Canada. Data to 2000

 Resolute, Devon Island, in the Canadian Arctic, data to 1995.

 Sachs Harbor, Banks Island, in the Canadian Arctic, data to 1985

Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada.  Also Seasonal temperatures and mapData to 2002 


 Bethel, in southwestern Alaska, data to 2002

 Cold Bay, Alaska Peninsula, Alaska, USA. Data to 1999

 Coral Harbour, Alaska, USA, Data to 1999

 Cordova, Alaska on the south coast. Chart from Alaska Climate Research Center. Data to 1995

 Fairbanks, Alaska.  Case study in urbanisation - Raw data for city and university - data differences between them -
     Fairbanks adjusted by NASA-GISS for urbanisation.  Data to 2000

 Fairbanks & Fort Greely, Alaska, USA. Fort Greely is 137 km ESE of Fairbanks. Data to 1999

 Gulkana & Fort Greely, Alaska. Gulkana is in southern Alaska, 150 miles east-northeast of Anchorage. Data to 1999

 Point Barrow, Alaska, showing seasonal and annual temperatures. Data to 2001
Also see winter and summer temperatures separately

 Juneau & Kodiak, Alaska. These stations on opposite sides of the Gulf of Alaska validate each other. Data to 1999

 Kotzebue, Alaska, adjacent to the Bering Strait. Data to 1999

 Nome, Alaska, also adjacent to the Bering Strait. Data to 2001

 Northway, Alaska. Located in the interior. Chart from Alaska Climate Research Center. Data to 1994

 St Paul Island, Bering Sea, Alaska, USA. This station is far out to sea from Alaska. Data to 1999

 Talkeetna, Alaska, 200 km north of Anchorage. Data to 1999

 Yakutat, Alaska on the south coast. Chart from Alaska Climate Research Center. Data to 1995

Greenland, Iceland, northern Norway, and the Arctic Ocean

  Akureyri & Reykjavik, Iceland. Akureyri is a remote station on the north coast of Iceland facing the Arctic Ocean.
     Reykjavik is the capital city of Iceland, pop. 100,000. 
Data to

Angmagssalik on the east coast of Greenland, is an area tipped to warm +10 degs. Data to 2003

The `Arctic Rim' - four stations, Ostrov Vize, Danmarkshavn, Svalbard and  Franz Josef Land. Data to 2000

Bear Island, in the Arctic Ocean directly north of Norway, just inside the +18 deg. contour. Data to 1999

Bodo, Norway, is located on the far north coast of Norway, just inside the Arctic Circle. Data to 2003

 Danmarkshavn, Greenland, seasonal & annual temperature. Plus summer months temperaturesData to 2002

 Egdesminde, Greenland. Data to 1999

 Franz Josef Land, Arctic Ocean. This station is only 10° latitude from the North Pole. Data to 1999

The `GIUK Gap'. Six stations to represent the ocean gap between Greenland, Iceland, and UK. Data to 2000

Godthaab on the west coast of Greenland, bears a strong similarity to the trend at Angmagssalik. Data to 2003

 Godthaab & Angmagssalik, Greenland, summer temperatures, the season for ice melt. Data to 2003

Ilulissat, Greenland (Jakobshavn & Egedesminde).  Data to 2002

Jan Mayen Island in the Greenland Sea north of Iceland. Data to 2003

 Keflavik & Hofn, Iceland. Keflavik is a US Air Force base. Hofn is adjacent to the Vatnajokull Ice Cap. Data to 1999

North Greenland stations.  Thule, Dundas & Danmarkshavn. Data to 2001

 Spitzbergen, Arctic Ocean. Old data, but it shows the 1960s Arctic cooling very well. Data to 1975

NY-Alesund.  Also on Spitzbergen.  Sea level data to 2001

 Stykkisholmur, a small community on the west coast of Iceland, 100 km north of Reykjavik. Data to 1998
(thanks to Agust Bjarnason for the data). 
Also Stykkisholmur & Teigarhorn, Iceland. Data to 1999

 Thorshavn, Faeroe Islands, North Atlantic Ocean. Halfway between Scotland and Iceland. Data to 1999

Thule, Dundas Radio & Danmarkshavn,  in Northern Greenland.  Data to 2001

 Tromo/Skatto, Norway. Data to 2003

 Vardo, Norway. Lies on the northern Arctic coast of Norway close to the Russian border.
     A valuable continuous long-term record from 1840. Data to 2003


 Ajan, eastern Siberia, Russia. This station is on the Russian coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. Data to 1999

Dzardzan & Olenek, Siberia, Russia. These stations lie in the Siberian interior near the Lena River. Data to 1999

 Kanin Nos, Ostrov Vize, & Ostrov Dikson, Russia. On the Arctic coast of Russia. Map. Data to 1999

Kirensk & Tura, Russia. Rural stations located north of Lake Baikal in central Siberia. Data to 2000

 Korf, eastern Siberia, Russia. This station is on the eastern coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula. Data to 1999

Murmansk, Archangelsk (Russia) & Vardo (Norway for comparison). Map.  Data to 2001

Nikolayevsk & Oktiabrskaya, Russia (Far East).  Two stations on opposite sides of the Sea of Okhotsk. Map. Data to 2001

 Okhotsk, eastern Siberia, Russia. This station is also on the Russian coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. Data to 1999

 Ostrov Dikson, Siberia, Russia. This station lies east of the Urals on the Russian Arctic coast. Data to 1999 .

 Ostrov Kotel, Russia. An island in the Arctic Ocean off the northeast Siberian coast. Data to 1999   

 Ostrov Vize, Siberia, Russia. This station is an island off the north coast of Siberia, northeast of
     Novaya Zemlya, deep within the Arctic Ocean. Data to 1999 .

Salehard, Siberia, Russia. This station is located in the Russian Arctic and is one which got CRU very excited.
     From the graph, it is difficult to see why. Data to 1995

 Sejmchan, eastern Siberia, Russia. located inland within the far east territories. Data to 1999

Turuhansk, Siberia, Russia. This station is also located in the Russian Arctic and also caused inexplicable
     excitement at CRU. Data to 1999



  Haparanda, Sweden. This station is on the Swedish coast of the Gulf of Bothnia next to the Finnish border. Data to 2003

  Jyvaskyla, Finland & Ostersund, Sweden. A pair of stations in the centre of these countries. Data to 2000

 Kajaani, Finland, is in central Finland close to the Russian border. Also includes data for Reboly, Russia
     which is only 150 km away across the border. The two are in lockstep and thus mutally validating. Data to 1999 .

  Sodankyla, Finland. Also in the far northern interior of Finland. Data to 2003

  Visby Flygpla, Sweden.  This station is on an island 110 miles south of Stockholm. Map. Data to 2000

Eastern Europe

Debrecen & Pecs, Hungary.  Data going back to 1853. Data to 2000.

Wlodawa & Bialystok, eastern Poland, 100 miles northeast and southeast of Warsaw.   Data to 2001.

Western Europe

Central England, This is a regional series first developed by the late Prof Gordon Manley and now maintained and
     updated by the Hadley Centre, and is one of the most heavily urbanised areas in the world. Night light map of the UK
     to show population density.  Data to 1998.

Central England Temperature 1659-2002 full data.    Central England Temperature 1770-2000 selective version.
     The industry prefers the 1770 start date as it then omits a very warm period around 1730.

De Bilt, Netherlands. A valuable 300-year-old record in a small urban area. 20th Century chart Data to 2000

 Gibraltar, southern tip of Spain. An erratic record suggests frequent site and/or instrument changes. Data to 1995

Horta,The Azores, lies far out into the North Atlantic Ocean west of Portugal, a good litmus site for
     North Atlantic ocean temperature. Data to 1995

Lerwick is on the Shetland Islands, in the Norwegian Sea to the north of Scotland. Data to 1995

Luqa International Airport, Malta.  Photo of the airport. Data to 2002

Malin Head, on the northern tip of Ireland, - a good paired comparison with Valentia (above). Data to 1995

Manchester Airport. Adjusted & unadjusted records.  Demonstrates inadequacy of heat island adjustment. Data to 2001

Navacerrada & Madrid, Spain, 1941-2001.  A broken record, but shows Madrid urban warming. Data to 2001

Plymouth, southwest England. Large urban centre. Data to 1995

 Thorshavn, Faeroe Islands, roughly half-way between Scotland and Iceland. Data to 1995

 Tiree, Inner Hebrides Islands, Scotland, UK. Data to 1999

 Valentia Observatory & Shannon Airport, Ireland. A second chart comparing Valentia, Shannon and Roche's Point.
    Valentia lies on the southwest tip of Ireland, directly facing the North Atlantic Ocean and is the first point of contact
    in Europe for the Gulf Stream. This is a particularly valuable record as it is a clean rural record running from 1869 to
    1999 and has been under scientific supervision, in a very strategic climatic location. Shannon Airport and Roche's
    Point are used for comparison and shows a developing heat island at Shannon. Map of the area. Data to 2001

Asia (excl. Russia)

Afyon & Konya, Turkey. Rural stations in western Turkey. MapData to 2000

 Ankara, Turkey. This graph also shows the urban `adjustment' applied by GISS. Data to 1999

Bahrain & Dharan (seasonal). Plus Annual.  Dhahran is in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain is an offshore island (map). 
    Data to 2001.  For a detailed report on these stations and guest commentaries, click here

 Bikaner & Jodhpur, India. This station pair is in western India, both with a century+ record. Data to 1999

 Cardzou, Turkmenistan. This station is in the eastern part of Turkmenistan. Data to 1998

Choshi, Japan. This station is located on the east coast of Japan, facing the Pacific Ocean, and is affected
     by the Kuro Siwo ocean current which passes near there. Data to 1995

Edirne & Canakkle, north-western Turkey. MapData to 2000

 Gauhati & Darbhanga, India. Gauhati is in the Bramahputra River Basin, close to the Bhutan border. Darbhanga
      is in the Ganges Valley Basin, close to the Nepal border. Data to 1999  

 Krasnovodsk, Turkmenistan. This station is on the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea. Data to 1998

Ma'An & Irwaishe, Jordan. A rural pair. Data to 1999

Macao & Guangzhou, China.  This compares the Portuguese record from Macao with the Chinese record
         from the former Canton. Data to 2001

Nanning, southern China.  Annual and seasonal mean temperature.  The region where SARS began.  Data to 2003

 New Delhi, India. This is a city of 8 million people.  In spite of being heavily urban, it shows no sign of warming.
     Data to 2001

Osaka & Maizuru, Japan.  Contrasts a big city to a small town north of Osaka.  Data to 2001

 Palmyra and Hama, Syria, on same graph for comparison. Data to 1999

Peshawar & Fort Sandeman, Pakistan. Close to the Afghan border.  Data to 2000

 Singapore. An over-heated city, so it doesn't really belong here, but here it is anyway. Data to 1995

 Srinagar, Kashmir, (India part), A high altitude station near the Himalayas. Data to 1999

Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.  Located inland in north-western Saudi Arabia.  Data to 2000

North America (excl. Arctic)


 Inukjuak, Coral Harbour, Fort Chimo, Northeast Canada (warming map/model). 
       Winter temperatures to compare against winter warming predictions shown on the map. Data to 2000

 Gander International Airport, Newfoundland, Canada. Data to 1999

 Goose, Newfoundland, Canada. Data to 1999

London, Ontario & Erie, PA.  Matched pair.  London is David Suzuki's hometown, and he claims winters there are
    now arriving later than when he was a boy growing up there.  See this discussion of the issue.  Also see temperature
    histories for both stations for November and December only, the very months at issue in his claims. Data to 2001.

 Sable Island, Canada, located 200 km off the coast of Nova Scotia in the North Atlantic Ocean, and sits astride
      the Gulf Stream. It is thus a key litmus station to detect any warming. Data to 1999

U.S.A.  -  Northeast

Concord, New Hampshire.  Data to 2002

 Farmington, Maine, USA. Located about 100 km west of Bangor, Maine. A cooling overall. Data to 1998

Gloversville & Stillwater Reservoir, rural records from upstate New York State, USA. Data to 2000

 Little Falls City Reservoir, New York, USA. Data to 1996

 Utica, NY, USA. This station is located 7 miles west of Utica on a rural site which has remained unchanged
      over the whole period of record. Data kindly supplied by Rich Lupia, a local meteorologist. Data to 1997

Waverly, Ohio, & Huntington, West Virginia. Station pair for comparison. Data to 2001

West Point & Central Park, New York, NY.  Urban and rural pair for comparison.  Data to 2001

U.S.A.  -  Southeast

Eastman & Glenville, Georgia, USA.  Data to 2000

Florida  Five rural stations - Arcadia, Everglades, Fernandina Beach, Inverness, and St Leo. Data to 1998

 Lexington, Kentucky, USA. Data to 1995

Mississippi & Alabama -(Meridian & Highland).  Data to 2003

Pontotoc Experimental Station, Mississippi, USA.  Data to 2000

Scottsboro & Valley Head, Alabama, USA.  Summer mean temperatures.  Data to 2000

Tennessee, Three rural stations, Lewisburg, Dickson, & Crossville. Data to 1998

Waynesville & Highlands, North Carolina, USA.  Data to 2000

U.S.A.  -  Mid West

Clarinda, Albia & Toledo, southern Iowa.  Data to 1999

Clinton, Missouri, & Bush Field, Georgia, USA. The namesakes of the recent presidents. Data to 2000

Fairmont, Minnesota, USA.  Seasonal and annual temperature.  Data to 2000

Hannibal, Missouri, and Quincy, Illinois.  Photo of Hannibal on the west bank of the Mississippi. Data to 2002

Fort Scott, Kansas and Lamar, MissouriData to 2000

Southern Iowa, USA. Three rural stations, Clarinda, Albia & Toledo mutally validate each other. Data to 1999

Jefferson Water Plant and Truman Dam, Missouri, USA.  A rural station pair. Data to 1999

Spickard, Mount Ayr, & Conception, northern Missouri, USA.  3 stations for comparison.  A 3-station average graph for all three.  Data to 2001

St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA. Data to 1999

U.S.A.  -  Plains

Albany & Dublin, Texas. Data to 2000

 Dodge City, Kansas, USA, the heartland of the Old West. Also summer temperatures only. Data to 2001

 Eagle Pass, Texas, USA. Data to1998

Hallettsville & Danevang, Texas, USA.  Two rural stations west and southwest of Houston. Data to 2000 

 Lamar, Colorado, USA. This station is in the high plains region of the mid-west. Data to 1999

 Lampasas, Texas, USA. This station is `deep in the heart of Texas', about 100 miles NNW of Austin. Data to 1998

 Liberty & Houston United, Texas.  Data to 2001

 Newkirk, Kay County, Oklahoma, USA. Kay County has the greatest number of recorded tornadoes than any other
     county in Oklahoma, a state with the greatest number of tornadoes per unit area in the US. Data to 1999

 North Platte & Medicine Bow Nebraska, USA. A pre-1935 warming, but a neutral trend since then. Data to 1999 Nebraska, USA. A pre-1935 warming, but a neutral trend since then. Data to 1999

Perry & Kingfisher, Oklahoma, USA.  Data to 2000

Rocky Ford, Colorado, USA, in the High Plains of south-eastern Colorado.  Data to 1995

Sedan (Kansas) & Cherokee (Oklahoma). Two small stations either side of the state borders. Data to 2000

Western Oklahoma, USA.  Three stations - Weatherford, Hobart & Altus.  Data to 2001

U.S.A.  -  Mountains

 Ashton, Idaho, USA. Data to 1998

 Basin, Wyoming, USA. Data to 1998

Boulder, Denver, & Cheesman, Colorado.  Boulder is the home of NCAR.  Data to 2001

 Childs, Arizona, USA. Data to 1998

 Lander, Wyoming, USA. Data to 1999

Laramie, Wyoming, USA. A very long 100+ year record.  Data to 2000

Northern Utah, USA.  Three stations, Como Springs, Utah Lake Lehi and Snake Creek. MapData to 2000

 Orogrande, New Mexico, USA. Located south of Alamogordo. Data to 1999

Southern Utah, USA.  Three stations, Kanab, Alton and Parowan Power Plant.  Data to 2001

 Tombstone, Arizona, USA. Data to 1998

 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA. Two stations shown here, Lake Yellowstone in the centre of the park
      and Mammoth at the northern end. Data to 1998

U.S.A.  -  Pacific 

Blaine & Olga, Washington, USA, both stations in the northwest of the state, Data to 2001

Cascadia, Three Lynx & Bend, Oregon, USA. A trio of stations for cross-validation.  Data to 2000

 Cedar Lake, Washington state, USA. A cooling trend during the 20th century. Data to 1998

 Colfax, California, USA. Photo of Colfax. Data to 2000.

 Davenport, Washington, USA. Data to 1998

Death Valley, California, USA. Season and annual temperature.  The hottest place in the USA.
     See also this article on Badwater, Death Valley  Data to

Napa & Willows, California, USA.  Actually, Napa is closer to San Francisco than Santa Rosa (previous) and shows
     a steady urban warming compared with rural Willows.  Data to 2000

Santa Cruz, California, USA.  Sits on the north coast of Monterey Bay, 60m SSE of San Francisco. Data to 2000

Santa Rosa & Willows, California, USA.  Santa Rosa is a small city in northern California, 50 miles north of
     San Francisco and Willows is a rural station 30 miles further north. Data to 2000

 Snoqualmie Falls, Washington state, USA. Data to 1998

 Yosemite National Park HQ, California, USA. Data to 1998

Central & South America, West Indies

Cartagena & Barranquilla, northern Colombia. Data to 2002

Islas Juan Fernandez, Chile.  Offshore island.  Data to 1999

Martinique & Barbados, West Indies. Four stations with inconsistent records.  Map. Data to 2000

 Nassau, Bahamas.  Data to 2000

 Patagonia, Argentina.  Three stations, Trelew, San Antonio Oeste, and Viedma.  Map. Data to 2000

Patagonia, Argentina.  Three stations, San Julian, with Trelew and San Antonio Oeste. Map.  Data to 2001

Pehuajo & Santa Rosa, Argentina.  Two rural stations inland from Buenos Aires.  Data to 2000

Pilar Observatory and Chepes, Argentina.  Pilar is rural and under scientific supervision.  Data to 2002

Punta Arenas, Chile, is the southernmost city in the world, near the southern tip of South America. Data to 1999

San Fernando de Apure, Venezuela.  A rapidly growing city station 100 miles south of Caracas. See also a 20-year
     extract of data
which shows data fragmentation problems, typical of third world data.  Data to 2001

 San Juan, Puerto Rico. This is an urban station in the Caribbean, but it is compared on the graph with nearby
      rural stations Fajardo and Juncos, both of which do not show the warming trend exhibited at San Juan.
      It demonstrates clearly the effect urbanisation has in skewing temperature data. Data to 1999

San Juan updated to 2002, shows a distinct cooling since 1980. Data to 2002

Ushuaia, Artgentina and Punta Arenas, Chile. Both at the southern tip of South America.  MapData to 2001

The North Pacific Ocean

 Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific Ocean. Data to 1999

 Majuro, Marshall Islands, northwestern Pacific Ocean. Data to 1995

 Yap Atoll & Koror, Palau Islands compared. Both locations are in the western Caroline Islands of the
     northwest Pacific. Being adjacent island groups, similar trends would be expected. Data to 1995

Africa & The Indian Ocean

 Burkina Faso.  A country in the Sahel region of Africa. Four stations including the capital, Ouagadougou. Map.
      Data to 2001

 Calvinia and Capetown, South Africa. Calvinia is a small town a few hundred km NNE of Capetown. Data to 1999

Capetown, South Africa.  data to 2003

 Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, East Africa.  A seaport facing the Indian Ocean. Data to 2000

 Indian Ocean Islands. Three stations - Plaisance (Mauritius), St Brandon, and Rodrigues. Map. Data to 2000

 Johannesburg International Airport (Jan Smuts), South Africa.  Graph shows both adjusted and unadjusted data.
     (Data to 2001 

 Kimberley & Bloemfontein, South Africa.  Data to 2001

 Madagascar. Antananarivo, Tamatave and Majunga, three cities in Madagascar. Data to 2000

 Marrakech (Morocco) & Nouakchott (Mauritania). Northwest Africa.  Map. Data to 2000.

 Niamey, Niger. On the southern edge of the Sahara.  Data to 2001

Zinder & Maine-Soroa, Niger, West Africa.  On the southern rim of the Sahara.  Data to 2001


 Adelaide, South Australia. An urban station which unusually for a city shows a cooling. Data to 1999

Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia.  The Alice is in the centre of Australia. Data to 2000

Brisbane, Queensland.  Unusually for a city, this station shows a cooling.  Data to 2001

Burnie, Tasmania.  Relative mean sea level 1984-2002.  No sea level rise evident.  Data to 2002

 Canberra % Wagga Airports, Australia. Two records on one graph, one very urban, one very rural. Data to 1999

Cape Otway, Victoria, Australia, located at the western end of Bass Strait. Data to 1992

Charleville & Longreach, Queensland, Australia.  Both inland stations.  Data to 2001

Coffs Harbour, New South Wales. Lies on the coast about halfway between Sydney and Brisbane. Map. Data to 2000

Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.  Bureau has adjusted the recent years due to changes in procedures.
Data to 2002

Fort Denison (Sydney), Australia. Relative mean sea level.  An artificial datum shift in the late 1940s is clearly evident
    Data to 2000

Gabo Island, Victoria, Australia, located at the eastern end of Bass Strait. Data to 1992

 Geraldton & Giles, Western Australia. Map. Data to 1999

Kalgoorlie, Esperance, and Albany, Western Australia.  Map Data to 2002.

Launceston & Hobart Airports, Tasmania, Australia. Map. Data to 2002

Mount Isa (QLD) and Tennant Creek (NT), northern Australia. See the chart itself then see how CRU misrepresents this
     region as warming rapidly when the reality is quite different. Data to 2002

Mildura and Adelaide Airports, Australia. Comparison of trends. Data to 2001

Mildura and Cobar, Australia.  Comparison of trends.  Data to 2002

Northern Australia - Darwin (post 1941), Halls Creek and Gove Airport, the last two are rural. Data to 2000

Thursday Island, Queensland, Australia, at the northernmost tip of Australia. Data to 1992

Western Australia stations. Kalgoorlie, Albany, Esperance, Giles & Geraldton. MapData to 2000

Wilson's Promontory, Victoria, Australia, at the southernmost point of the Australian mainland,
     facing directly onto Bass Strait. Data to 1992

The South Pacific

Chatham Island, New Zealand, lies 1,000 km east of New Zealand in the Pacific Ocean. Data to 1992

Christchurch & Invercargill, New Zealand, in the South Island. Data to 2001

Easter Island in southeast Pacific Ocean, half-way between New Zealand and South America. Data to 1999

 Funafutu, Tuvalu, south Pacific Ocean. Data to 1995

Hokitika, New Zealand lies on the west coast of New Zealand's South Island, directly facing the
     Tasman Sea and the Roaring Forties circulatory winds. Data to 1995

Invercargill, Campbell Island & Macquarie Island, Southern Ocean, plus mapData to 2000

 Islas Juan Fernandez, Chile. Lies 500 miles west of Santaigo in the Pacific Ocean. Data to 1999

 Lord Howe Island, Australia, lies 500 km east of Australia, in the Tasman Sea.  Data to 1995

 Macquarie Island, about 1,500 km southeast of Tasmania deep in the Southern Ocean. Data to 1999

 Norfolk Island, Pacific Ocean, an overseas territory of Australia. Also, location map. Data to 2000

 Nouméa, the capital city of New Caledonia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Data to 1994

 Papeete, the capital city of Tahiti in French Polynesia in the central South Pacific. Data to 1999

 Rapa, in the Austral Islands, the most southerly group of French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean. Data to 1995

 Rarotonga, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean. Data to 1995

 Tarawa Atoll, Kiribati, Pacific Ocean. Data to 1992

 Wallis Island, French Wallis & Futuna, northeast of Fiji, South Pacific Ocean. Data to 1995

 Willis Island, Coral Sea, Australia, 300 miles east of Cairns, Queensland. Data to 2001

The South Atlantic

Gough Island, South Atlantic, 1,500 miles w-sw of Capetown.  Annual and seasonal temperaturesData to 2001

 Signy (British), and Orcadas (Argentinian), South Orkney Islands. These islands lie deep in the Southern Ocean,
     just north of the Antarctic Peninsula, a region about which warming claims have frequently been made. 
     Map of the region. Data to 2000

Stanley, Falkland Islands, lies deep in the South Atlantic, 200 miles east of southern Argentina. Data to 1980

The Antarctic Scientific Bases 

Amundsen-Scott Base, South Pole, Antarctica, as far south as you can get, right in the centre of the Antarctic continent. If it can't warm here, it can't warm anywhere. CO2 data obtained at the South Pole is also shown for purposes of comparison with the temperature. Data to 2000

 Casey Station, Antarctica. An Australian base on the eastern Antarctic coast. Seasonal and annual data to 2000

 Davis Station, Antarctica. An Australian base on the
    eastern Antarctic coast. Data to 1999

 Halley Bay, Antarctica, a British base on the western
     Antarctic coast facing the Weddell Sea. Data to 2000

 Mawson Station, Antarctica. An Australian base on
    the eastern Antarctic coast. Data to 1999

Mirny Station, Antarctica. A Russian base on the same coast as Davis And Casey. Map. Data to 2000

 Scott Base, Antarctica, a New Zealand base on the coast of the Ross Sea, due south of NZ. Data to 1993

Signy & Orcadas, South Orkney Islands. A British and an Argentinian station close together.  MapData to 2000

Syowa (Japanese) and Molodezhnya (Russian). On the coast of Enderby Land. Data to 2000

Vostok Base, Antarctica. This is a Russian base deep in the Antarctic continent at the top of the ice plateau,
      3,420 metres above sea level. Vostok holds the dubious distinction of having recorded the coldest
      temperature ever measured on Earth, -89.2 deg C. in 1983. (1983 was a `warm' year globally). Data to 1999

 More graphs will be added to this list, and existing graphs will be updated, as time permits.

John L. Daly

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